81 year old male CC: "Cold and shaky" – Conclusion

Here is the update to 81 year old male CC: “Cold and shaky”.

Let’s take another look at the 12-lead ECG.

2010_06_03Bwm

At first glance the ST-elevation in the inferior and low lateral leads isn’t that impressive, at least when compared to some of the other cases we’ve seen. However, this is an impressive amount of ST-elevation when compared to the small size of the QRS complexes! This is known as the rule of proportionality and it’s critically important when it comes to STEMI recognition!

Perhaps more impressive is the ST-depression in the right precordial leads (V1-V3). These are reciprocal changes to posterior extension of this acute inferior STEMI. If this was the only abnormality on this ECG I would still call it STEMI! If you want to get really good at identifying acute isolated posterior STEMI, pay attention to the right precordial leads whenever you have an acute inferior STEMI. These changes will often be present.

Of course, you already knew that the ST-elevation in the inferior leads indicated STEMI. Why? Because of the downsloping ST-segment in lead aVL! This is the “go to” lead to “rule-in” acute inferior STEMI! It is so sensitive and specific that absence of this finding should make you question the ECG diagnosis of acute inferior STEMI.

So what happened?

The patient was sent to the cardiac cath lab where angiography revealed 100% occlusion of the right coronary artery (RCA). A stent was successfully placed and the patient is doing well.

Before

 

Balloon inflation

 

After successful stent placement

 

Diagnosis: Acute Inferior ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction

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Comments
Ivan Rios
The role of 12 lead ECG in Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension
Thanks for writing Tyler. They are the same thing. Strain pattern is just the result of increased pressures against the ventricles which alters the way repolarization occurs from epicardium to endocardium. Similar to stepping on a puddle of water. Your show spreads the water away from the area of pressure. The ST segment is slightly…
2014-12-17 18:44:24
Tyler
The role of 12 lead ECG in Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension
Can you explain how these ST segment and T wave changes can be differentiated from right strain pattern?
2014-12-17 18:18:25
The role of 12 lead ECG in Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension | EMS 12 Lead
PULMONARY PRESSURES AND ECG PATTERNS
[…] Pulmonary artery pressures and ECG patterns […]
2014-12-17 17:34:06
EMS 12 Lead
PULMONARY PRESSURES AND ECG PATTERNS
[…] Pulmonary artery pressures and ECG patterns […]
2014-12-17 17:26:42
What it Looks Like: Cardiac Arrest | Think Safe Blog
What it Looks Like: Cardiac Arrest
[…] http://www.ems12lead.com/2014/11/11/sudden-cardiac-arrest/ November 11, 2014 | Original Articles | Vince […]
2014-12-16 16:08:39

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