81 year old male CC: "Cold and shaky" – Conclusion

Here is the update to 81 year old male CC: “Cold and shaky”.

Let’s take another look at the 12-lead ECG.

2010_06_03Bwm

At first glance the ST-elevation in the inferior and low lateral leads isn’t that impressive, at least when compared to some of the other cases we’ve seen. However, this is an impressive amount of ST-elevation when compared to the small size of the QRS complexes! This is known as the rule of proportionality and it’s critically important when it comes to STEMI recognition!

Perhaps more impressive is the ST-depression in the right precordial leads (V1-V3). These are reciprocal changes to posterior extension of this acute inferior STEMI. If this was the only abnormality on this ECG I would still call it STEMI! If you want to get really good at identifying acute isolated posterior STEMI, pay attention to the right precordial leads whenever you have an acute inferior STEMI. These changes will often be present.

Of course, you already knew that the ST-elevation in the inferior leads indicated STEMI. Why? Because of the downsloping ST-segment in lead aVL! This is the “go to” lead to “rule-in” acute inferior STEMI! It is so sensitive and specific that absence of this finding should make you question the ECG diagnosis of acute inferior STEMI.

So what happened?

The patient was sent to the cardiac cath lab where angiography revealed 100% occlusion of the right coronary artery (RCA). A stent was successfully placed and the patient is doing well.

Before

 

Balloon inflation

 

After successful stent placement

 

Diagnosis: Acute Inferior ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction

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EMS 12-Lead

Cardiac Rhythm Analysis, 12-Lead ECG Interpretation, Resuscitation

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Comments
Sharon Sinclair
The 12 Leads of Christmas: V3
As a technician, I absolutely love how comprehensive these posts are. Although I do not have the advanced knowledge or understanding of a licensed provider, I try to absorb as much as I can from posts like these. Maybe one day I will muster the courage to transition to a more advanced position in cardiac…
2015-02-28 20:40:17
A visit to Johns Hopkins #EMSToday2015 | EMS 12 Lead
Episode #11 – Are we harming patients with oxygen?
[…] might remember Mike from one of our most popular EMS 12-Lead podcasts Episode #11: Are we harming patients with oxygen?¬†We finished up the night with food and adult beverages in the […]
2015-02-25 14:33:03
Rollo
The Trouble with Sinus Tachycardia
Had a pt today with a rate @ and around 160, it was indeed sinus tachycardia. The tachycardia was secondary to a stimulant which caused over stimulation of sympathetic nervous system ie sympathomimetic O.D. The treatment was fluid and a benzo. Problem solved.
2015-02-25 00:14:18
Jeff Reader
The 12 Leads of Christmas: V3
When looking at how the heart sits in the chest and how things are named remember they were probabily named during autopsys when the cadaver was on its back.
2015-02-24 16:55:04
darren
58 year old female CC: Chest pain
I would be inclined to ignore QTC as rate is above 100 and unreliable to interpret less than 50 or more than 80. ST segments are interesting as is the history. PE was my first impression AnterioSeptal MI second impression but I'm inclined to consider LV Aneurysm as third Impression as no reciprocal changes?
2015-02-24 04:01:24

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