81 year old male CC: "Cold and shaky" – Conclusion

Here is the update to 81 year old male CC: “Cold and shaky”.

Let’s take another look at the 12-lead ECG.

2010_06_03Bwm

At first glance the ST-elevation in the inferior and low lateral leads isn’t that impressive, at least when compared to some of the other cases we’ve seen. However, this is an impressive amount of ST-elevation when compared to the small size of the QRS complexes! This is known as the rule of proportionality and it’s critically important when it comes to STEMI recognition!

Perhaps more impressive is the ST-depression in the right precordial leads (V1-V3). These are reciprocal changes to posterior extension of this acute inferior STEMI. If this was the only abnormality on this ECG I would still call it STEMI! If you want to get really good at identifying acute isolated posterior STEMI, pay attention to the right precordial leads whenever you have an acute inferior STEMI. These changes will often be present.

Of course, you already knew that the ST-elevation in the inferior leads indicated STEMI. Why? Because of the downsloping ST-segment in lead aVL! This is the “go to” lead to “rule-in” acute inferior STEMI! It is so sensitive and specific that absence of this finding should make you question the ECG diagnosis of acute inferior STEMI.

So what happened?

The patient was sent to the cardiac cath lab where angiography revealed 100% occlusion of the right coronary artery (RCA). A stent was successfully placed and the patient is doing well.

Before

 

Balloon inflation

 

After successful stent placement

 

Diagnosis: Acute Inferior ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction

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EMS 12-Lead

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Comments
John
Adenosine given for a narrow-complex tachycardia over 150
If things such as Sepsis, Drug Use, Medication issues, Anxiety, Pain, etc.. have been ruled out, and the rate is still >160 (or whatever number you use). How else do you determine S-Tach Vs. SVT? Does a 12 Lead Help (QRS Complexes facing different directions due to different pathways etc..) or a simple 4 Lead?…
2015-01-19 19:44:32
Brandon O
Adenosine for sinus tachycardia: Try to avoid this!
She may not have had anxiety, but I bet she was a carrier...
2015-01-18 02:31:08
Brooks Walsh MD
Adenosine for sinus tachycardia: Try to avoid this!
Highly unusual for this to be sinus at that rate!
2015-01-17 19:21:04
Mel
Adenosine for sinus tachycardia: Try to avoid this!
I experience bouts of tachycardia. I had it investigated about 5 years ago after being woken during the night by projectile vomiting and feeling my heart racing/thumping with carotid pulse that I could certainly palpate but had no chance of counting (whether the 2 symptoms were related or coincidental, I don't know). I've had multiple…
2015-01-17 18:47:19
Chee Yong Chuan
90 year old male CC: "Possible stroke"
This is a non diagnostic ECG The history is actually not typical of a stroke. Sounds more like a pre-syncopal attack, however, a transient ischemic attack cannot be confidently ruled out. There was no neurological deficit upon arrival of the paramedics. The ECG shows: -Sinus rhythm -Regular, QRS complexes narrow, beating at a rate of…
2015-01-17 12:18:13

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