58 year old female CC: Chest pain – Conclusion

Here’s the conclusion to the 58 year old female with chest pain and left bundle branch block.

To refresh your memory here is the 12-lead ECG.

And for those of you who requested lead V4R.

This ECG meets all 3 of Sgarbossa’s criteria to identify acute STEMI in the presence of left bundle branch block.

Keep in mind, it only has to meet one criterion in one lead!

(Please note: One criterion has been modified from its original form. Instead of discordant ST-elevation > 5 mm we are looking for discordant ST-elevation > 0.2 the depth of the S-wave. This is known as the ST/QRS ratio. Credit to Dr. Smith of Dr. Smith’s ECG Blog.)

Angiography revealed 100% occlusion of the LCX and 99% occlusion of the RCA.

Thanks to everyone who commented on the case!

See also:

80 year old male CC: Chest pain

Excessive discordance as a marker of acute STEMI in LBBB

80 year old male CC: Chest pain – Conclusion

62 year old male CC: Chest pain (LBBB with ST-elevation > 0.2 the QRS complex)

Identifying AMI in the presence of LBBB – Sgarbossa’s Criteria Part I

Identifying AMI in the presence of LBBB – Sgarbossa’s Criteria Part II

“New” LBBB – What’s the big deal?

Discordant ST-segment elevation in LBBB or paced rhythm

Sgarbossa’s Criteria – New Graphic

Found on the Lifenet Receiving Station (LBBB with concordant ST-depression in leads V3 and V4)

5 Comments

  • akroeze says:

    Thanks so much for this real world example Tom!I have actually made printouts of the graphics you use for the three criteria and taped them to the back cover of my protocol book since for some reason I have a hard time committing them to memory. I encourage others to do the same.I'm not sure how things will go the first time I find one of these though as the patient would not meet my current protocol… so I guess I would be at the mercy of the physician knowing what I'm talking about!

  • Tom B says:

    My pleasure, Alex. I'm amazed it took this long.

  • Do you have a refrencve for the "newer: criteria ST greater than 0.2 of S wave

  • Tom B says:

    Bostonmedic109 -Initially it was 0.25 the QRS complex.For a reference see:Circulation. 2008;118:S_578ACS: Initial Assessment-Old and New ToolsAbstract 551: Ratio of Discordant ST Segment Elevation or Depression to QRS Complex Amplitude is an Accurate Diagnostic Criterion of Acute Myocardial Infarction in the Presence of Left Bundle Branch BlockSince then Dr. Smith has reported on his blog that more cases and further analysis have revealed that using 0.2 increases the sensitivity while maintaining the same specificity.Tom

  • Várhegyi Márton says:

    Nice and useful article!:-)

    Any q/Q waves in left-sided leads (I, aVL, V5-6) and other markers of necrosis in LBBB (Cabrera's sign etc.) might also be important, however, can be the result of prior myocardial infarction or atypical form of LBBB.

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EMS 12-Lead

Cardiac Rhythm Analysis, 12-Lead ECG Interpretation, Resuscitation
Comments
“Bad heartburn” – Conclusion | EMS 12 Lead
63 year old male CC: Substernal Chest Pain – Discussion
[…] upright T waves is actually not representative of acute occlusion – for more on this, read this discussion on old versus “new” teaching on recognizing posterior MIs. We do not see ST elevation in aVR or V1 that would suggest a concomitant RV infarct, […]
2014-08-22 16:49:18
Brooks Walsh MD
“Bad heartburn” – 82 y.o. female without chest pain.
Why give atropine at this time?
2014-08-22 15:42:18
Bryan Laviolette
“Bad heartburn” – 82 y.o. female without chest pain.
In addition to the above treatment consensus (ASA, Plavix, judicious NTG, fentanyl, fluid bolus, right sided leads), I would absolutely transport this patient to a PCI centre. Culprit artery is the RCA (STE lead III > II) leading to AV nodal ischemia and junctional bradycardia. In addition to the above treatment I would give 0.5…
2014-08-22 13:14:35
Jared
“Bad heartburn” – 82 y.o. female without chest pain.
Not much to add but my 2 cents...I'd definitely be careful with the nitro, not saying withhold it completely but absolutely use some common sense. I'd have to say probably RCA occlusion, and catch team needs to be activated for a stemi alert immediately. Treat it like a stemi until proven otherwise. If it walks…
2014-08-22 08:49:36
Brooks Walsh MD
“Bad heartburn” – 82 y.o. female without chest pain.
The option was indeed turned on! As for non-CP presentations of ACS, I absolutely believe that these warrant the same level of urgency as the "typical" presentations. Both men and women, young and old, all commonly present without classic chest pain. Besides, how much difference is there between "burning in the epigastrium," and "pain in…
2014-08-21 17:10:37

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