58 year old female CC: Chest pain – Conclusion

Here’s the conclusion to the 58 year old female with chest pain and left bundle branch block.

To refresh your memory here is the 12-lead ECG.

2010_07_23_Bwm

And for those of you who requested lead V4R.

LBBB_STEMI_V4R

This ECG meets all 3 of Sgarbossa’s criteria to identify acute STEMI in the presence of left bundle branch block.

Sgarbossa

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Keep in mind, it only has to meet one criterion in one lead!

(Please note: One criterion has been modified from its original form. Instead of discordant ST-elevation > 5 mm we are looking for discordant ST-elevation > 0.2 the depth of the S-wave. This is known as the ST/QRS ratio. Credit to Dr. Smith of Dr. Smith’s ECG Blog.)

Angiography revealed 100% occlusion of the LCX and 99% occlusion of the RCA.

Thanks to everyone who commented on the case!

5 Comments

  • akroeze says:

    Thanks so much for this real world example Tom!I have actually made printouts of the graphics you use for the three criteria and taped them to the back cover of my protocol book since for some reason I have a hard time committing them to memory. I encourage others to do the same.I'm not sure how things will go the first time I find one of these though as the patient would not meet my current protocol… so I guess I would be at the mercy of the physician knowing what I'm talking about!

  • Tom B says:

    My pleasure, Alex. I'm amazed it took this long.

  • Do you have a refrencve for the "newer: criteria ST greater than 0.2 of S wave

  • Tom B says:

    Bostonmedic109 -Initially it was 0.25 the QRS complex.For a reference see:Circulation. 2008;118:S_578ACS: Initial Assessment-Old and New ToolsAbstract 551: Ratio of Discordant ST Segment Elevation or Depression to QRS Complex Amplitude is an Accurate Diagnostic Criterion of Acute Myocardial Infarction in the Presence of Left Bundle Branch BlockSince then Dr. Smith has reported on his blog that more cases and further analysis have revealed that using 0.2 increases the sensitivity while maintaining the same specificity.Tom

  • Vrhegyi Mrton says:

    Nice and useful article!:-)

    Any q/Q waves in left-sided leads (I, aVL, V5-6) and other markers of necrosis in LBBB (Cabrera's sign etc.) might also be important, however, can be the result of prior myocardial infarction or atypical form of LBBB.

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EMS 12-Lead

Cardiac Rhythm Analysis, 12-Lead ECG Interpretation, Resuscitation

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Comments
Dominic
Conclusion to 59 Year Old Male: Unwell
Great discussion on a difficult 12lead! I follow these very closely and based on pt presentation and 12lead tracing, this was a difficult or to treat with impending heart failure, hypotension, and trouble breathing. Thanks for the follow up and look forward to next week!
2015-07-06 20:53:35
Billy
Conclusion to 59 Year Old Male: Unwell
Hmmmm, I was fairly close. Sounds like most of the treatment occurred IN Hospital. Love case studies, and that one was good.
2015-07-06 20:28:25
Kori
59 Year Old Male: Unwell
There's the point! There is are no P waves, and the rhythm is irregulary-irregular-atrial fibrillation. If you look, it is rsR phenomen-RBBB, BUT there are huge ST elevations on all leads from V1-V5 (that's why the QRS complexes look so broad). I and aVL is clearly ST elevation suggesting STEMI. In limb leads you can…
2015-07-06 10:12:16
Vince DiGiulio
Conclusion to 59 Year Old Male: Unwell
I'll expand on this in the next post but unfortunately I actually wasn't present for this case so I can't give my direct account of how things happened. That said, from the notes I read and word-of-mouth from those involved (which I suspect painted things in a better light than I would have viewed them),…
2015-07-06 04:09:22
Matt King
Conclusion to 59 Year Old Male: Unwell
Hey Vince thanks for the through follow up with this case. I am curious how his rate was controlled since he was hypotensive and maybe an unknown onset of when his A-Fib stated(thinking anticoagulation first)? As you know the wrong approach could be devastating in this PT with risks of further infarction, stroke, or death…
2015-07-05 14:10:57

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