Name that ECG: 66 year old female – Findings

This is the conclusion to our Name that ECG case: 66 year old female, resolved chest pain.

66 year old female, resolved chest pain.

Name that ECG: 66 year old female

 

Rhythm:

  • Rate: atrial rate of ~55 bpm, ventricular rate of ~55 bpm
  • Regularity: regular
  • P-waves: sinus (upright in I and II), associated 1:1 with the QRS
  • PRi: 140 ms
  • QRS duration: 90 ms

Bonus points:

  • Axis: -45 degrees, left axis deviation, LAFB
  • Bundle Branches: normal conduction
  • QTc: normal (<1/2 R-R interval), 420 ms (Bazett's Formula)
  • ST/T-waves:
    • T-waves: flipped T-waves in aVL, biphasic V2-V5 consistent with Wellen's Syndrome
    • ST-elevation: none noted
    • ST-depression: none noted

Differentials:

  • Normal sinus rhythm in a patient with Wellen's Syndrome
    • Possible high-grade stenosis of the LAD with recent reperfusion

Notes:

  • Wellen's Syndrome should be regarded with the same importance as a STEMI during assessment and transport.

1 Comment

  • VinceD says:

    If you wanted to really push the limits of this ECG I also see inverted inverted U-waves in leads V2-V4, I, and aVL. They're super faint and I wasn't sure if I believed them at first, but measuring from the QRS to the U wave in III and aVF and transposing that interval to the other leads proves that it's really them.

    They don't add any information the T-waves don't tell you here, but heck, they're there.

    And now I'm really being a pain, but I think calling a LAFB is being a little generous to that LAD.  By my eye I put the axis, at most, at around -40 degrees. There's also no well developed rS complexes in II and aVF and the tracing lack the poor R-wave progression I usually see in true LAFB's. There doesn't seem to be an accepted criteria for making the Dx, but this one seems to be pushing it.

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EMS 12-Lead

Cardiac Rhythm Analysis, 12-Lead ECG Interpretation, Resuscitation

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Comments
Jared
59 Year Old Male: Unwell
Field Dx: Uncompensated cardiogenic shock. Tachycardia caused by compensation mechanism. Probable cause: Complete heart block due to the global nature of the changes. Tx: O2 @ 15 lpm NRB and possibly CPAP if pressure rises enough, 324 ASA, amio drip, possible norepi, and diesel. Put pads on in case he tanks. Definitive Tx: Needs cathed.
2015-07-02 17:46:57
Jonas
59 Year Old Male: Unwell
CPAP. IV. Nitro if BP can be controlled. Kidneys may be in acute failure causing extra fluid, or CHF, or both. Big ole triangular looking t-waves would have me thinking calcium. Monitor to see if conditions improve with CPAP. Place pads on patient, and have help with you in the ambulance.
2015-07-02 17:17:30
Brian Brubaker
59 Year Old Male: Unwell
At a quick glance it looks like tombstones (R on T). At closer look without calipers, it appears to be accelerated ideoventricular rhythm due to complete heart block. Not enough information to go off of, so cardioverting or pacing might just kill the patient quicker than anything. Transport immediately since his sick heart could stop…
2015-07-02 05:49:02
Holden
59 Year Old Male: Unwell
I've only studied cardiology for a few months and have read Dubin's book 1.5 times so I'm not an expert by any means. However, can a possible interpretation be a junctional tachycardia with aberrant ventricular conduction and a STEMI? No P waves and aberrancy causing a slightly wide QRS (but not wide enough for V-Tach).
2015-07-02 00:50:22
James
59 Year Old Male: Unwell
This is a ugly EKG. Wide complex irregular tachycardia around 150's. A-fib and a-flutter are possibilities. He's severely symptomatic. At this point, all treatment is same, electricity. If A fib, it may not want to "shock out" easily. This may be a case where initial cardioversion at max joules would be prudent. Pulmonary edema likely…
2015-07-01 22:00:13

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