53 YOF with AMS: STEMI or Secondary ST-T Changes?

This is the case of a 53 year old female who presented to the Emergency Department (ED) via EMS, with Altered Mental Status (AMS).

EMS was called to a local dialysis center due to the patient being unresponsive after approximately 3 hours of dialysis.

Upon arrival to the ED, the patient was unable to answer questions, with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 8 and the following baseline vital sings:

  • Heart Rate: 74 beats/min, strong and regular

  • Respiratory Rate: 15 breaths/min, adequate tidal volume and regular, with clear sounds

  • Non-invasive Blood Pressure: 202/76 mmHg

  • SpO2: 99% on 15 LPM via Non-rebreather

  • Pupils: 3 mm and reactive to light

  • Blood Glucose Level: 68 mg/dL

Known Medical History:

  • Hypertension (HTN)

  • Chronic Renal Failure

No know allergies.

The following 12 lead ECG was obtained by EMS prior arrival to the ED:

lvh osceola web

(Click on the ECG for a full view)

  • What is your detailed ECG interpretation?
  • What is your treatment?

Click on the link for the conclusion:

http://www.ems12lead.com/2014/06/25/conclusion-53-yof-with-ams-stemi-or-secondary-st-t-changes/

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EMS 12-Lead

Cardiac Rhythm Analysis, 12-Lead ECG Interpretation, Resuscitation
Comments
Sean V
Rate Related VS. Primary ST-T Changes:
Also forgot to mention decrease the FiO2, 3LPM is getting us a SpO2 of 98%, titrate down so we staying at or above 94%. No need to hyperoxygenate & create all those fun free radicals. I would also include using an EtCO2 nasal cannula, lets get another measure of our cardiac output.
2014-09-20 02:32:20
Sean V
Rate Related VS. Primary ST-T Changes:
Atrial Fibrillation w/ Rapid Ventricular Response. There appears to be possible Delta Waves, the most prominent being in aVL, also leads I, II, and V6. In the EMS 12-Lead there appears to be a fusion beat, 3rd in V2, slurred R-wave appears quite consistent with a Delta wave. I would consider WPW as the primary…
2014-09-20 02:28:16
Brian
Rate Related VS. Primary ST-T Changes:
Afib. There is widespread depression in most leads and aVR has some elevation...but I am skeptical about this ecg. If a quick fluid challenge of 500-1000cc did not slow down the HR I would give him some diltiazem (5mg increments is our protocol or 0.25mg/kg) and slow the rate down a bit and see if…
2014-09-19 21:02:48
Michael Schiavone
Rate Related VS. Primary ST-T Changes:
Isolated ST elevation in AVR with ST depression in several leads. Rapid, irregular rate suggests AFIB with RVR. I would provide entry note with this exact description and leave it to hospital whether or not to activate cath lab. My EMS treatment: IV access, 324 mg. ASA, NTG, Cardizem .25 mg/kg over 2 minutes, consider…
2014-09-19 20:30:35
Dayne
Rate Related VS. Primary ST-T Changes:
AF with RVR @167, LVH and prolonged QT. ST depression to I,II and V3-6 and reciprocal elevation to aVR equal to or >1mm highly suggestive of LMCA or 3-vessel disease. High specificity for proximal occlusion. Aspirin, GTN, IV access, Spo2 >95%, Transport to nearest PCI/Cath Lab facility ASAP
2014-09-19 10:52:36

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