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Proficiency vs Deficiency… The Art Of Electrocardiography Analysis

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Understanding the different types of assessments, assessment tools, and findings acquired from these assessments, are all part of proper patient care in both acute and chronic emergency medicine management, in every realm of the term “PATIENT CARE”. One of the most important tools, in both the prehospital setting and long term care, is the 12 […]

The role of 12 lead ECG in Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension

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An 11  year old male presents with complaint of substernal chest pain, 6/10, unable to describe the sensation but non-radiating, which  started while running. Primary assessment: Patent airway Adequate respiratory effort with no signs of distress skin is pink, warm and dry, with no signs of hypoperfusion Pertinent medical Hx: Chronic Interstitial Lung Disease Secondary  Pulmonary […]

Calcium and Hyperkalemia

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Calcium Chloride/Gluconate are used during Hyperkalemia induced ECG changes to reduce Serum Potassium. The answer is: False! The majority of Potassium in our body is found intracellular. Only a very small percentage (about 2%) is found extracellular, ranging between 3.5- 5.5 mEq/L. As extracellular Potassium levels increase, the action potential threshold decreases, for example, instead of […]

Conclusion: Rate Related VS Primary ST-T Changes

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  This is the conclusion to our previous case, “RATE RELATED VS PRIMARY ST-T CHANGES“. Check it out before you read this final portion.   This was the initial 12 lead ECG obtained by EMS prior ED arrival: There is an irregularly irregular tachycardia with no signs of P waves, which the Lifepak 15 determined to […]

68 y.o. male with weakness: “Treat the monitor, not the patient?”

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A recent graduate of our hospital’s paramedic program brought this case to me. Leigh works for Stratford EMS, an excellent local service in Southwestern Connecticut. (A quick note on the specific details of the case: This patient did not necessarily come to my hospital. Additionally, several features of the case have been altered; some to […]

Rate Related VS. Primary ST-T Changes:

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A 56 year old black male presents to the Emergency Department via EMS, complaining of Chest Pressure, 10/10 pain scale. Pain started suddenly following sudden onset of palpitations, while mowing his lawn. All approximately 5 minutes prior calling EMS. Keep in mind, it was a hot and sunny day with temperature in the 90’s. He advised of prior episodes of chest pressure […]

57 Year Old Male–Chest Discomfort

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  It is a bright Sunday morning when you and your partner are dispatched for an “adult male-chest pain”. You arrive at a well kept residence, noting a ladder and paint cans as you enter. You find your patient, a 57 year old male, sitting on the sofa in mild distress. “I was doing some […]

45 year old male with “numb hands”

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This case illustrates both how good modern EMS can be at expediting emergency cardiac care, but also the challenges that still confront us. Yes, there is a “twist,” but only a small one. Note: I never saw this patient, but the ECGs and outcome were brought to my attention by a colleague, Dr K. Thrace, […]

53 YOF with AMS: STEMI or Secondary ST-T Changes?

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This is the case of a 53 year old female who presented to the Emergency Department (ED) via EMS, with Altered Mental Status (AMS). EMS was called to a local dialysis center due to the patient being unresponsive after  approximately 3 hours of dialysis. Upon arrival to the ED, the patient was unable to answer […]

Just a paced rhythm… Or is it? Conclusion

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Ok, so I posted a 12 Lead ECG on Facebook this past Monday, June 2nd, 2014, which  generated some interesting comments and thoughts… EMS 12-Lead on Facebook: 67yom with Dyspnea and Diaphoresis  This ECG was obtained from a 67 year old male, complaining of difficulty breathing for the past 2 hours, and presented diaphoretic, with […]

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