Tag Archives: benign early repolarization

The early repolarization experiment

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Any paramedic who has studied the STEMI mimics has heard of the classic benign early repolarization pattern of a "fish-hooked" J-point with upwardly concave (smiley-faced) ST-segment, often best appreciated in lead V4. But, as the excellent work of Stephen Smith, M.D. demonstrates, not all cases of early repolarization present this way, and it can often […]

50 year old male CC: Chest Pressure – Discussion

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This is the discussion for 50 year old male CC: Chest Pressure. We could not have been happier at the number of insightful comments we received on this case! Many of you caught on to our purpose for this case as we could not have picked a better borderline example! When we last left our […]

53 year old male with a suspicious ECG – Conclusion

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This one was really challenging because we all know that reciprocal changes are strongly supportive of acute STEMI.

Is this a mimic or the real thing? – Discussion

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This is the follow-up discussion to: Tweet about ECG leads to mystery – is this a mimic or the real thing? Let’s take another look at the 12-lead ECG. This is a very suspicious ECG and must be considered acute inferior STEMI until proven otherwise. This was my initial gut feeling about this ECG and […]

Early Bird Gets the Worm – Conclusion

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The conclusion to the November 2010 EMS 12-Lead column Early Bird Gets the Worm is now posted at EMS1.com. Early Bird Gets the Worm: Patient Follow-Up You can become a fan of EMS1.com on Facebook by clicking HERE.

63 year old male CC: Syncope – Conclusion

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Here is the conlcusion to 63 year old male CC: Syncope. First, let’s take another look at the 12-lead ECG. This 12-lead ECG shows poor data quality. This is a problem because the ECG is abnormal and suspicious for acute anterior STEMI. We need to consider whether or not this could be benign early repolarization […]

47 year old female CC: Chest pain – Discussion

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Thanks for all the comments! I’m not allowed to blog while I’m on duty (the policy has nothing to do with me personally) so if it seems like I’m not responding, I’m probably just at work. The paramedic who submitted this case has requested the follow-up information from his supervisor, but unfortunately she’s out-of-town for […]

23 year old male CC: Chest Pain

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Here’s a fascinating case submitted by Geoff Dayne. EMS is called to a VA clinic for a 23 year old male who came in to get checked into the system. Somewhere in the exchange, he mentioned that he had been experiencing chest pain off & on for just over a month. Onset: Today’s pain came […]

41 year old male CC: Chest pain

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41 year old male complaining of chest discomfort. The patient has had similar episodes before (after exertion), but in the past it always cleared up after use of an asthma inhaler. EMS finds the patient sitting in a chair. He had just taken a shower, with no relief of the chest discomfort. He describes the […]

The problem of ST segment elevation

The criterion seems quite simple. In the absence of contraindications, reperfusion therapy should be administered to patients with symptom onset within the prior 12 hours and ST elevation greater than 0.1 mV (1 mm) in at least 2 contiguous precordial leads or at least 2 adjacent limb leads, or new or presumably new LBBB on […]

EMS 12-Lead

Cardiac Rhythm Analysis, 12-Lead ECG Interpretation, Resuscitation
Comments
Sean V
Rate Related VS. Primary ST-T Changes:
Also forgot to mention decrease the FiO2, 3LPM is getting us a SpO2 of 98%, titrate down so we staying at or above 94%. No need to hyperoxygenate & create all those fun free radicals. I would also include using an EtCO2 nasal cannula, lets get another measure of our cardiac output.
2014-09-20 02:32:20
Sean V
Rate Related VS. Primary ST-T Changes:
Atrial Fibrillation w/ Rapid Ventricular Response. There appears to be possible Delta Waves, the most prominent being in aVL, also leads I, II, and V6. In the EMS 12-Lead there appears to be a fusion beat, 3rd in V2, slurred R-wave appears quite consistent with a Delta wave. I would consider WPW as the primary…
2014-09-20 02:28:16
Brian
Rate Related VS. Primary ST-T Changes:
Afib. There is widespread depression in most leads and aVR has some elevation...but I am skeptical about this ecg. If a quick fluid challenge of 500-1000cc did not slow down the HR I would give him some diltiazem (5mg increments is our protocol or 0.25mg/kg) and slow the rate down a bit and see if…
2014-09-19 21:02:48
Michael Schiavone
Rate Related VS. Primary ST-T Changes:
Isolated ST elevation in AVR with ST depression in several leads. Rapid, irregular rate suggests AFIB with RVR. I would provide entry note with this exact description and leave it to hospital whether or not to activate cath lab. My EMS treatment: IV access, 324 mg. ASA, NTG, Cardizem .25 mg/kg over 2 minutes, consider…
2014-09-19 20:30:35
Dayne
Rate Related VS. Primary ST-T Changes:
AF with RVR @167, LVH and prolonged QT. ST depression to I,II and V3-6 and reciprocal elevation to aVR equal to or >1mm highly suggestive of LMCA or 3-vessel disease. High specificity for proximal occlusion. Aspirin, GTN, IV access, Spo2 >95%, Transport to nearest PCI/Cath Lab facility ASAP
2014-09-19 10:52:36

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