Tag Archives: hexaxial reference system

QRS AXIS DETERMINATION

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During ECG interpretation, cardiac Axis, or direction of electrical impulses, may be normal (physiologic) or abnormal (pathologic), suggesting abnormal cardiac conductivity. Although every deflection obtained on the ECG will have an axis, we will focus on the ventricular axis. When we think of our cardiac monitoring lead placement, we have to understand cardiac Vectors, which is the […]

Axis Determination – Part VI

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By now you can predict the QRS axis in the frontal plane within 15 degrees as long as you have an equiphasic (or isoelectric) lead in the frontal plane. So what constitutes a normal QRS axis? What is a left axis deviation? A right axis deviation? If you don’t have a copy of the hexaxial […]

Axis Determination – Part V

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In Part IV, I promised that I’d show you a fascinating relationship between the standard 12 lead ECG and the hexaxial reference system. You will recall that to use the hexaxial reference system, you find the most equiphasic (or isoelectric) lead in the frontal plane (first 6 leads of the 12 lead ECG) and look […]

Axis Determination – Part IV

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By now you should have a fairly good grasp of how the hexaxial reference system is derived from the first 6 leads of the 12 lead ECG. Before we break down the finished diagram, let’s look at the hexaxial reference system laying on top of the patient’s anterior chest, with the arrows and leads in […]

Axis Determination – Part III

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In Part II, we discussed the heart’s mean electrical vector and how Einthoven’s Triangle (leads I, II, and III) can be redrawn to form the first 3 spokes of the hexaxial reference system. Essentially, we ended up with a shape like the one on the right. When leads I, II, and III are drawn this […]

Axis Determination – Part II

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In Part I, we looked at Einthoven’s Equilateral Triangle and Einthoven’s Law, and I told you that it was the key to understanding the formation of the hexaxial reference system. But before we delve further into the hexaxial reference system (the instrument we’ll be using to calculate the heart’s QRS axis) we need to address […]

EMS 12-Lead

Cardiac Rhythm Analysis, 12-Lead ECG Interpretation, Resuscitation

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Comments
iliyas
Masters Case #01: 50 Year Old Male – Severe Chest Pain
Short runs of V.T LAD LAHB Widespread st depression with St elevation in avr Lf msin / three vessle disease Not sure about rhythm
2015-08-26 06:34:44
Darren Earley
Masters Case #01: 50 Year Old Male – Severe Chest Pain
1. L.A.D 2. De Winters (ST Elevation aVR, ST abnormality V2-3). 3. Non sustained VT 4.Poor quality ECG so cannot say about p waves or whether A.fib. Pre alert for ppci = evolving occlusion of LAD artery. Aspirin. Pain relief. Diesel
2015-08-25 17:26:50
michelle
Masters Case #01: 50 Year Old Male – Severe Chest Pain
first pt. sat's are to low at 94% for just room air pt. needs hi-flow o2 at 15 lt. min. i see a-fib. with runs of 3. st depression. there is also a chance of pheumonia. after o2 administer fluids, a chest x-ray, monitor the heart and ekg especially where bp is low.
2015-08-25 16:57:39
Ivan Rios
Understanding Adenosine (Adenocard)
Correct, even for stress test, with the same purpose.
2015-08-18 17:07:24
Joppe
Understanding Adenosine (Adenocard)
Adenosine is also used to measure FFR in the cathlab to achieve maximum vasodilation in the vessels in the Heart.
2015-08-18 16:02:13

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